When visited by the USS Enterprise in 2268, Spock speculated that the inhabitants of Amerind were a mixture of Navajo, Mohican, and Delaware Indians. It was later learned that the ancestors of these tribes had been transplanted from Earth by the Wise Ones. What's more, the Wise Ones had left behind a large obelisk whose purpose was to divert any asteroid which threatened the planet and its inhabitants.
The crew of the Enterprise was eventually able to find a way into the obelisk and repair it. The obelisk subsequently diverted an asteroid the size of Earth's moon, Luna, away from hitting the planet. (TOS episode: "The Paradise Syndrome")
In the mirror universe, a possible counterpart to Amerind may have existed. In 2371, Jean-Luc Picard, an archaeologist-for-hire, asked his patron, Gul Madred, for funding in which to investigate rumors of a planet inhabited by what appeared to be Mohicans from Earth. Gul Madred refused to support the venture, stating that little could be learned from studying past Terran civilizations. (ST novel: The Worst of Both Worlds)