The Draylaxians were known to have a very slow legal process, which sometimes inhibited quick action by the government. In 2156, Grethe Zhor, the Draylaxian ambassador to the Coalition of Planets, offered to attempt to hurry the legal process along in order to bring the Draylaxians into the Earth-Romulan War. They finally joined the conflict in February of 2160, sending ships to an engagement at Tenebia due to it being close to home, but suffered greatly and made plans to scale back their involvement - particularly from battles that were a lot farther from home.
On Saturday, May 1 of 2160, the Romulans attacked Draylax, using the same warp-speed kamikaze run that was employed at Coridan Prime and Galorndon Core, causing massive fires and volcanic eruptions all over the planet. Over a billion Draylaxians were killed, and more deaths were expected. (ENT - The Romulan War novel: To Brave the Storm)
- It was guessed that the species would not survive. However, a Draylaxian was seen in a bar in Watching the Clock, so it is quite possible that enough of them survived to continue into later centuries.