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For the mirror universe counterpart, see Earth (mirror).

Earth (also known as Terra or Sol III) is a class M planet, the third planet in the Sol star system in the space of the galaxy's Alpha Quadrant, at coordinates 1.23N 2.79W. It is the Federation capital, and the primary political subdivision of United Earth, one of five founding members of the Federation. Its sentient species include Humans and cetaceans.

Earth served as the model for the class M classification. (ST website: Startrek.com)

It has one moon, Luna. (FASA RPG module: The Federation)

It is often called Terra, its Latin name, by many non-Humans throughout the Federation. (DS9 novella: Andor: Paradigm) The term Terran can refer to Humanity in general, to things related to Earth, or specifically to its citizens. See also Terran Empire.

HistoryEdit

See also Human and United Earth.

Early historyEdit

Earth was formed 4.6 billion years ago within a nascent Sol system. Its biosphere began forming 3.5bn years back as amino acids appeared in the region known as France (TNG episode & novelization: All Good Things...). 2 billion years ago, single-celled life began evolving. (Last Unicorn RPG module: All Our Yesterdays: The Time Travel Sourcebook)

Life on Earth evolved. For several million years dinosaurs were ascendant. Their era ended when a large asteroid, or comet, hit Earth during the galactic battle between the Q and the forces of the being 0 (The Q Continuum, ENT episode: "Azati Prime"). One dinosaur species survived to become the Delta-quadrant species Voth (VOY episode: "Distant Origin"). The Preservers moved another promising, reptilian species off Terra to ensure their development, and they became the Clan Ru. (TOS novel: First Frontier)

As mammals reclaimed a mending planet, primates dominated the land while cetaceans ruled at sea. At one point, a probe from an alien cetacean race made contact with native humpback whales (TOS movie: Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, TOS novel: Probe). Several alien races contacted, and were worshipped by, early Terrans. (TOS episode: "Who Mourns for Adonais?"; TAS episode: "How Sharper Than a Serpent's Tooth?")

In the last half of the 20th century, a subculture developed which believed that the planet had been visited by extraterrestrials. Between 1955 and 2018, at least eighteen Vulcan probe ships were photographed by Humans, though this evidence was dismissed as being hoaxed by authorities and the public at large. (TOS novel: Prime Directive) Other races also visited Earth during this period, though most, like the Vulcans, were subject to a rule of non-interference. An exception to this was the Reticulans. (TOS novel: Preserver)

HumanityEdit

In the 23rd century/17th century, James T. Kirk, possibly to avoid breaching the Prime Directive, stated to the Prosecutor he was from an "island" on Sarpeidon called Earth. (TOS episode: "All Our Yesterdays")

Earth in the 24th century was a successful world whose peace was won at great cost. Unlike other races, Humanity was split for much of its history into hundreds of religious, ethnic, cultural and national divisions. Early efforts to unite its peoples -- such as the League of Nations, the United Nations, and the New UN -- met with limited success. As an odd twist of fate, (328 years after its 2037 disappearance), Charybdis' wreckage was discovered at Theta 116. Its American flag-a remnant from the period. When the front desk clerk was asked what he called planet Theta VIII, he replied "Earth." (TNG episode: "The Royale")

Earth was visited by the Reticulii in the 20th century to conduct genetic profiling of Humans, who were transported to orbiting medical ships. The Reticulii used Missing Time Syndrome to prevent the abducted Humans remembering their encounters. (DS9 - Millennium novel: The Fall of Terok Nor)

The Bell Riots of 2024 were a turning point in Humanity's development. (DS9 episodes: "Past Tense, Part I", "Past Tense, Part II")

In the early part of the 21st century, Humanity had developed a practical fusion-drive system which in turn allowed for the first manned vessel Icarus to be launched to the Alpha Centauri system. (FASA RPG module: The Federation) Terra endured a catastrophic war ending in a nuclear exchange in 2053; the horrors of its aftermath were leavened a decade later by 2063's first contact with Vulcan. A watershed in Terran history spurred by Cochrane's first warp flight, the contact eradicated poverty, war and disease within fifty years. A final war concluded-sixteen years after this-and even more reform progressed (TNG movie: Star Trek: First Contact, TNG episode: "Encounter at Farpoint").

By the early 22nd century, organizations such as the European Hegemony moved toward world government, and culminated in a United Earth that, by 2150, had absorbed a final nation state and was fully unified. (TNG episodes: "Up the Long Ladder", "Attached")

In 2151, Starfleet launched its new warp-five NX-class starships, whose flagship, Enterprise, first made contact with many races including the Klingons, Andorians, and Tellarites. These established United Earth as an interstellar power, and paved the way for the founding of the Federation (ENT episodes: "Broken Bow", "The Andorian Incident", "Shadows of P'Jem", et al)

Alternate timelinesEdit

In an alternate timeline created by the death of Gabriel Bell prior to the Bell Riots in 2024, Earth remained a pre-warp civilization, which never expanded beyond the Sol System, in the 24th century. Consequently, neither the United Federation of Planets nor Starfleet ever existed. The USS Defiant, having been protected from the changes in the timeline by a subspace bubble, detected Romulan transmissions emanating from Alpha Centauri. This would indicate that the Romulan Star Empire was able to expand considerably further in this timeline due to the lack of Federation interference. (DS9 episode: "Past Tense, Part I")

Earth's end

Earth is destroyed in an alternate timeline.

In another alternate timeline, the Xindi succeeded in destroying Earth in 2154 after Enterprise failed to stop the Xindi superweapon. (ENT episode: "Twilight")

In the alternate reality created by Nero's temporal incursion, Nero attempted to use the red matter device to destroy Earth, but was prevented from doing so by James T. Kirk and Commander Spock. (TOS movie: Star Trek)

The homeworld of Miri and her friends, the Onlies, appeared at first to be a simple copy of Earth; however, it was later discovered that Miri's homeworld was actually Earth itself, of an alternate timeline. Miri's Earth had briefly drifted into the main universe due to instability in the local sector of space. It later returned to its original timeline. (DTI novel: Forgotten History)

In another alternate timeline where Montgomery Scott rescued Kirk before he could be absorbed into the Nexus, Earth was assimilated due to the time-traveling Borg sphere, launched from the attacking Borg cube at the climax of the Battle of Sector 001 in 2373. The USS Enterprise-E was not present to follow the Borg back in time, and thus they were free to complete their goal of taking over the seat of the Federation, preventing its initial warp flight and eventual founding of the interstellar confederation. The Borg Queen utilized the Sol system as a base of operations, mining all of the worlds for raw materials, and eventually erecting a sensor shield, building thousands of cubes behind the curtain of secrecy. (ST novel: Engines of Destiny)

GeographyEdit

Bodies of WaterEdit

Continents (and Provinces)Edit

Geographic FeaturesEdit

Cities and SettlementsEdit

Points of InterestEdit

Moons and SatellitesEdit

Notable LocalesEdit

Starfleet Academy and Starfleet Command are located in San Francisco. (TOS movies: Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan)

The Federation's seat of government, the Palais de la Concorde, is located in the Federation capital city of Paris. (TOS movie: Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

There are shipyards located in San Francisco, Oakland and Marin County in California, and Naples, Italy.

Cities such as London house state dinners, and the embassies of various foreign states and Federation Member States can be found throughout the globe. The Federation News Service maintains offices in Tokyo, and Starfleet Command maintains secondary command facilities in Mexico City. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

Natural HistoryEdit

FloraEdit

FaunaEdit

Species and cultures originating from EarthEdit

Earth-related categoriesEdit

AppendicesEdit

ConnectionsEdit

Event connectionsEdit

planets visited by ships named Defiant
USS Defiant (NCC-1764) GolmiraTraelus II
USS Defiant (NX-74205) (I) 2371 KaremmaCallinon VIIFounders' homeworldTrillCardassiaMeridianOrias IIIEarth
2372 BajorCha'XirracFree HavenVandros IVclass L planet crash siteNew Founder homeworld
2373 Torga IVAjilon PrimeCardassiaSolosos IIIGaia IV
2374 Argolis Cluster planet • Chin'toka planets
2375 AR-558
USS Defiant (NX-74205) (II) Europa NovaTorona IVNarendra IIIVahni Vahltupali homeworld • PrentaraLuthiaBajor
Defiant (mirror universe) Bajor
planets visited by the Enterprise (NX-01)
Captain Archer's command (2151-2161) EarthRigel XQo'noSArcher IVFaziTerra NovaP'JemBeta Aurigae VIIAkaaliValakisCoridan IIITesniaDakalaMazarTorothRisaParaagan IIUnroth IIIKreetassaMatalas PrimeEtheeniaOanDekendi IIIWeytahnKeto-EnolNarendra IIIXantorasDenariJupitertrellium mining planetXindusKaletooLoque'equeNorellusXanthanTarquin's planetXindi-Arboreal colonySkagaran colonyTriannonAzati PrimeNew XindusVerex IIITrialas IVQu'Vat colonyVulcanTellarAndorBerengaria VIIMarsTarod IXDenevaThrellvia IVCygnet XIVNeptuneVissiaGalorndon CorePrantaresVorkado V83 Leonis B V
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) (2243-2264)
Robert April's command (2243-2251) EarthRomulan planetoidTarsus IVFaramond
Christopher Pike's command (2251-2264) EarthGS391AretaMagefferus IIIPharos siteworldRigel VIITalos IVDarien 224PrairieNeyda PrimeLiriaJubalTheta KalybAlgol IITemaziCorinthia VIIEridios
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) during Captain Kirk's initial five-year mission (2265-2270)
various Aprilia IIICapory
2265 EarthDraxis IITallyAlpha Ortelina VIIArronus VIIAldebaran IIIM-155MestikoDimorusTendarArchernar IVDelta Vega IMiri's homeworldStarbase 127348-IIrobot planetTimshelK-GZartaMetamorphaNumero UnoFP-1FP-2Voodoo planetGamma Alpha VStarbase 8 planetPollux IIDukarNeesanAlgenib II
2266 Beta IVRigel XIIPsi 2000Tlaoli IVAlpha Proxima IIAngiraBeta CarinaeExo III1324-IVCanaraNadorM-113Alfa 177Planet QBeneciaYkoTheta VII (Rell's world)Talos IVNumero UnoGateway
2267 Makus IIIBeta VIJanus VIOmicron Ceti IIIDenevaCeti Alpha VEminiar VIIBabelGamma Canaris 527Taurus IIHydra Epsilon IIIXimega IIPerseus Arm planetoidYkoSalvumGrotusRifas-LAmusement Park planetHeitius VIICentaurus VTyrtaeus IIGothosCestus IIINisusIron-silica planetZutotanium planetoidMuddEarthCanaraBeta IIIPyris VIIVulcanGamma XaridianPollux IVArgelius IIHalkaBavaryaNeolithiaMythraCapella IVGamma 400Magna RomaGamma Trianguli VISigma Iotia IIMasabaLekythosTyrtaeus IIShroud IVTycho IVDonico IIRimilliaOrgania
2268 Narnel's WorldNeuralAlpha Malurian VIBeta Canzadia IIIFornax IIGamma IITriskelionArgus XTycho IVTheta VIISigni BetaEarthPegasus IVCareta VDireidiEeiauoPatria IExo IIIT'nufoTranquility VIILeora IVAcademyDelta Canaris IVTautee star systemAmmdonMarcos XIIAlpha Octavius IVBeta CabriniAmerindBeta XII-AElasTroyiusSigma Draconis VIEkosScalosGideonBrellian IVPrastorDistrel
2269 MercanAnomalyExcalbiaAndrosPollux VAvalonCamus IIAragosTanisAleph PrimeKyrosBeta CastelliHeloxUnnamed Hoshan planetsChrellkan IIIChrellkan IVVidenDengella IIAlnath IISanctuaryMemory PrimeEphrata IVGelladorn/R-775 IVelat Nol/R-836 IITheta Tau VTalin IVAleph IIIBoaco VITrefolgMantillesMerak IIArdanaBabelOrganiaGateway
2270 Isitra ZeroGatewayMercanDenebiaPhylos IIAmusement Park planetMotherlodeMegas-TuTerratinSherman's PlanetArgoVedala asteroidDramia IIArretLactra VIIDelta Theta IIIArchernar IVCenotaphTaygeta VOkeanosElcidar Beta IIIYoondriAleriadAritaniYalboSycoraxTalos IVPillagra/R-855 IIIR-855EarthStarbase 12Tomarii
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) (2273-2285)
Admiral Kirk's command (from 2273) EarthNelestraZaran IILevaeri VStarbase 16 planetAndrea IVAgena IVMycenaStarbase 8 planetBarak VIIAndronicusStarbase 28 planetPhaetonHephaestusZeta Reticuli IIStarbase 9 planetLieberman's WorldMiaplacidus VValerianGoran IVZenna IVplanet of telekinetic herdsYkoParides IVKhepriPollox IVUpsilon Xi IIIBelle TerreLycos V
Spock's command (until 2285) EarthThieurrullStarbase 12Regula Admiral Kirk's command (2285) EarthGenesis PlanetOrganiaBeta Epsilon VIBabelVulcanRomulan planetoid
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (alternate reality)
EarthVulcanDelta Vega (Vulcan system)SaturnTitanDelta Vega (Delta Vega sector)Taurus IIMakus IIIDenevaGamma Trianguli VIBeta IIINew VulcanPhaedusNibiruuninhabited planetoidParthenon 559Khitomer
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-A) (2286-2293)
2286 Earthunnamed wishing planetRontelmGamma Trianguli VIChristophi IXVulcanSector 9 Romulan colonyMiraudTriaminus IVEndicorOmicron Ceti IVChapin I
2287 Nimbus IIISha Ka ReeNew KetiraSkylord planetCasmus IIIChronian IIINew BrindenTau Gamma IIEarthYkoTemaris IVCetacean Probe homeworldVega IXCalligar homeworld
2288 DatugadClaneia IKarimeaKristenian worldRimborNeedraTyrion Defense ZoneStarbase 29OyoloPavakDinar IVSandar IXLerik IVSkellen IIIHoran systemJavik VIKurat IEarthSigma Iotia II
2289 Arbutus VIIIEarthPilkor IIIMetaga VZuynaTree of Life planetunnamed Sumellian-adjacent star systemSumellian homeworldDenevaQuatrin AlphaQuatrin Beta
2290 EarthTabuka IIITabuka IVEpsilon Kitajunnamed Starbase 99 planetArnebius IVAlpha DarwinKondo NebulaMardelvaNirobi IIIThevosCasmus IIILargo star systemTheata LeonisGatewayCalufrax IVBabelGribbin IIBupahr mining colonyGamma KestraNara'GiZantak PrimeKreth
2291 Devidia IVVarnexMestikoTiranaxEarth
2292 Earthunnamed asteroid belt
2293 Rura PentheKhitomerFaramondVulcanQo'noSPatelvaFreelanPacificaRigel VDuparre Asteroid BeltYquitraYkoEarthAlpha Gederix IVPrestor VSigma Draconis SectorChal
Planets visited by the USS Enterprise-D
2364 EarthDeneb IVArcharia IIILigon IIStyris IVOmicron ThetaGamma Tauri IVDelphi Ardu IVPeacekeepers' WorldParliamentRubicun IIIQuadra Sigma IIIHavenTorona IVAngel IStarbase 74 planetBynausTigan VIISyntagus TheluvTarod IXFaltosPersephone VMordan IVAldeaVelara IIIRelva VIIMinosBrentis VITrevaVagra IIOrnaraBrekkaVandor IVSarona VIIIDytallix B
2365 'aucdet IXTenaraEpsilon Miranda VDQN 1196RaimonFeenix-Denn IVHimalias VThiopaGravesworldRamatis IIISolais VGagarin IVElysiaIconiaPacificaBringloid VMariposaDrema IV
2366 Kavis Alpha IVTau Cygna VGalorndon CoreAcamar IIIOrelious IXBre'el IVCassiopeia Delta VIIArcher IVBetazedVulcanRutia IVGrindelwaldJouret IV
2367 SaturnEarthTurkana IVCamus IITagus IIIAdelphous IVEvadne IVQo'noS
2368 Qo'noSEl-Adrel IVValo IValo IIQualor IIVulcanGalorndon CoreHermeticus IIVotar VIISindarJ'naiiNaia VIIDelta IVCogen VTessen IIIRajatha PrimeEarth
2369 FrigisHobson Delta IIBajorElohRiatAtrea IVNervala IVEnoch VIIEarth
2370 Terrellian crashsite worldMarijne VIIK'TrallDessica IIBarradas IIICalder IIVulcanKesprytt IIIEnoch VIIDyson SphereHeraAtrea IVVacca VIDorvan VHeraKrantinSyng IIEarth
2371 SindikashThanetNtignanoDamianoVeridian III
planets visited by the USS Enterprise (NCC-1701-E)
EarthElamin IXAlgenib IISalva IVChiaros IVKendarayDenobulaGalor IVGornarBetazedRaknal VBa'kuHalkaPrimus IVGemworldTaDBlossom IVTerra GalanBajorNarendra IIIPelleus VSolosos IIIDavlos VICygnet IVMyrmidonTezwaKolarus IIIRomulusTolochon IIDokalaan homeworldDokaalan colonyCarreaDelta Sigma IVGorsach IXTrophy WorldRamatis IIIFromander IVVulcan
planets visited by the USS Excelsior
EarthRegulaEarth (mirror)Enoch IV12 Lyncis planetprimate worldMagellan's WorldTabuk IIITabuk IVKhitomerAskalon VMestikoBeta Prometheus III-AGaldonterre
planets visited by the USS Stargazer
VulcanEarthTewa IIIRaimonGnalaXenexChalnaMaxia Zeta IV
planets visited by the USS Voyager
various times Karenzaa
2371 MarsOcampa VMarkov-KaltoBaneaFGC-486237 planetSikaris IIIPlanet HellAlcawellVeruna IVAvery III
2372 TarokAlsaurian homeworldRakosa VSobrasRunara IVNew EarthHanon IVDrayan IIRyolanovPraja
2373 Hanon IVRiley's PlanetMikhal OutpostTakar IITaresiaAkritiriEnara PrimeArakis PrimeDernovinBirsiba
2374 Mari homeworldMikahKyrian-Vaskan homeworldMonorha
2375 The Waters
2376 Vaadwaur PrimeWeird PlanetBrunali homeworld
2377 ChiDinaal IVQuarraLedosUxal IVNew TalaxEarth
2378 Loran IIQo'noSCygnet IV
2379 Cestus IIIEarth
2381 New TalaxPersephoneArk Planet
2382 First WorldLecahn
2409 Kuda IIEarth
2410 Jenolan sphereEarthQo'noSTurei homeworld
planets visited by the USS Surak
EarthProtoVerdee

Political and geographical connectionsEdit

Earth states, organizations and geographical regions
Planetary State United Earth International organizations United Nations/New United NationsGreat KhanateOptimum Movement Seal of United Earth
Africa Pan-African Alliance African Confederation (Somalia) • EgyptMadagascarMaliSenegalSouth AfricaUnited States of Africa (Kenya)
Asia and Siberia Eastern Coalition AfghanistanChinaIndiaIndonesiaJapan (Empire of Japan) • KazakhstanKorea (S. Korea) • MalaysiaMughal EmpirePakistanPhilippinesRussiaSoviet UnionSingaporeThailandTibetVietnam
Europe European AllianceEuropean HegemonyEuropean UnionMediterranean AllianceUnited States of Europe BelgiumBulgariaCzechoslovakiaDenmarkFranceGerman Democratic RepublicGermanyGibraltarGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandItalyNetherlandsNorwayPan SlaviaPolandPortugalRoman EmpireSerbiaSoviet UnionSpainSwitzerlandTurkeyUkraineUnited Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales) • Yugoslavia
Middle East Muslim BlocPan-Semite Union ArabiaIranIraqIsraelLebanonTurkeySaudi Arabia
North America Caribbean Alliance CanadaConfederate States of AmericaCubaJamaicaMexicoPanamaPuerto RicoTobagoTrinidadUnited States of America
Oceania and Antarctica AustraliaEaster IslandNew ZealandNorfolk IslandPitcairnSolomon Islands
South America BrazilColombiaChileVenezuela
Cities and settlements of planet Earth
AberdeenAboissoAlbuquerqueAcropolisAlexandriaAlexandria IIAmritsarAmsterdamAntwerpAqabaAreciboArchangelAtlantaAucklandBabylonBabylon, New YorkBaltimoreBarcelonaBathBeattyBeijingBerkeleyBerlinBertonBhopalBirminghamBloomingtonBoiseBostonBozemanBremerhavenBrisbaneBroken BowBronxBrooklynBuenos AiresCaernarvonCairoCambridgeCanary WharfCanberraCancúnCantonCape TownCarthageChandigarhChartresChernobylChicagoChinatownChristchurchCity of the DeadClevelandColónCoventryCow HollowCromartyCuritibaDallasDarrinbandiDeadwoodDelhiDenverDetroitDownUnderseaDresdenDublinEalingEast BerlinEldmanEnterpriseFairbanksFeathers PlaceFergus FallsFlorenceFox ChaseFurnace CreekGenevaGettysburgGlasgowGrangeburgGreenwichGuangzhouHannibalHartfordHavanaHaydenHeliopolisHennepinHiroshimaHo Chi Minh CityHobokenHollywoodHong KongHonoluluHoustonIndianapolisInvernessIstanbulJerichoJerusalemJuneauKansas CityKarachiKeflovikKievKrakowKumamotoKyotoLa BarreLas VegasLhasaLihueLimaLinlithgowLisbonLiverpoolLondonLondonderryLone PineLos AngelesLynchburgMaconMadisonMadridManchesterMandela CityManhattanMeccaMemphisMexico CityMiamiMill ValleyMinicoyMinneapolisMinskMirnee DoleenaMogadishuMojaveMonterey, CaliforniaMonterey, South CarolinaMontréalMoravian LaneMoscowMumbaiMurfreesboroNaganoNairobiNew DelhiNew OrleansNew York CityNomeNob HillNomeNovosibirskObbiaOld GeorgetownOmahaPanama CityParisPark VistaPerthPittsburghPlateau Mont-RoyalPompeiiPortlandPositanoPoznańPraguePretoriaPrince Edward IslandRangoonRapid CityRashidReykjavikRio de JaneiroRiversideRiyadhRomeRoswellRussian HillSadat CitySagua La GrandeSaint PetersburgSalemSalt Lake CitySalzburgSan DiegoSan FranciscoSanibel IslandSanta ClaraSantiagoSao PauloSarasotaSausalitoSeattleSecaucusSeoulShilohSienaSingaporeSioux CitySt. LouisSt. PaulStalingradStar CityStockholmSunshineSydneyTel AvivTelegraph HillTezqanThebesTimbuktuTokyoTombstoneTorontoTroyTunisUlaanbaatarUphamValdezValley ForgeVancouverVatican CityVeniceVersaillesVolgogradWashington, DCWellington Ufp-emblem Seal of United Earth
Landmarks of planet Earth
Golden GateAlcatraz Children's ParkJackson MallTroy MuseumStarship's WharfChina BeachLondon IntergalacticSutro Selestial BathsSt. George's UniversityNational Park of KyotoPalisades ParkAlcatrazFort KnoxR StreetPalace of Fine ArtsSt. Charles AvenueNashville AvenuePearl Harbor Ufp-emblem Seal of United Earth
Bodies of water on the planet Earth
Allegheny RiverArnoArctic OceanAtlantic OceanBering SeaChattahoochee RiverEast RiverEnglish ChannelGreat LakesGulf of MexicoIndian OceanMediterranean SeaNileRiver ThamesPacific OceanSan Francisco BayScheldt RiverSeine RiverTiber RiverVictoria Falls Ufp-emblem Seal of United Earth

AppearancesEdit

3,500,000,000 BC

1691

1893

1930

1944

1947

1953

1957

1967

1968

1969

1974

1986

1997

2000

2004

2024

2025

2063

2143

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2153

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2155

2243

2255

2258

2267

2273

2285

2286

2287

2293

2364

2367

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2369

2371

2372

2373

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2381

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2404

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