The Federation Relocation Bureau was established in 2376, following the devastation that had been wrought across the Federation following the Dominion War. Their task was to relocate civilians from planets that were now lifeless to undamaged worlds in the Federation.
In many cases, civilians were angry at being dragged away from their colony worlds, even though they were now barren and desolate, and in some cases the civilians were moved against their will. In 2378, Wesley Crusher and the Traveler observed a relocation on a border world, and Crusher intervened in getting an old woman to leave her world behind. (TNG novel: A Time to Be Born)