(specs from original design unless noted)
|Affiliation:||Federation • Starfleet|
|Service period:||mid-to-late 23rd century|
|Mass:||285,000 metric tons|
|Crew:|| 55 officers|
445 ensign & enlisted
|Maximum speed:||warp factor 10|
|Cruising speed:||warp factor 8|
|Armaments:|| 5 dual emitter phaser banks|
2 torpedo launcher banks
|Defences:|| deflector shields (basic)|
holographic decoy projector (USS Star Empire modification)
|Auxiliary craft:||Federation shuttlecraft|
The Federation-class were a type of class I (mk X) Federation starship, the first ever Starfleet dreadnoughts, authorized for construction on stardate 6066 in the 23rd century as a variant using components similar to those of the Constitution-class. (ST reference: Star Fleet Technical Manual)
- Although Franz Joseph's Technical Manual listed 20 ships authorized for construction, only five of these are known to have been built, and one of those never entered active service.
The "space battleship" of the Starfleet, the Federation-class were the largest and most powerful ships until the advent of the refitted Enterprise-subclass Constitution refits, in 2272. As it turned out, the Federation was slightly inferior to the dreadnoughts of other powers.
The original design concept of the dreadnought was to include more capabilities but only a minimal increase in firepower over Constitutions. This was found to be inadequate after other powers began fielding dreadnoughts that reflected a 50% increase in firepower over their respective heavy cruisers.
Each late-23rd century Starfleet fleet and Starfleet task force was usually commanded by an admiral in a dreadnought, but during peacetime the dreadnought is usually docked at a starbase because it is too expensive to operate. (ST video game: Starfleet Command)
- The SFC game description was based on the usage of the ships in the Star Fleet Battles game, which was not licensed to use the Star Trek name.
One of the reasons that the Federation design was not as efficient was the three-warp nacelle configuration, which was found to be much less workable than a vessel with an even number of warp engine units. (TNG reference: Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual)
One of the Federation-class vessels, the USS Star Empire, was based on a greatly enhanced design authorized by Vice Admiral Vaughan Rittenhouse. The vessel caused a great deal of controversy and was decommissioned without having been put into active service. (TOS novel: Dreadnought!)
- The Star Empire illustration by Boris Vallejo had numerous design similarities to Excelsior-class starships.
- The uprated Federation-class was illustrated by Arne Starr.
- USS Federation (NCC-2100)
- USS Star League (NCC-2101)
- USS Unificatum (NCC-2102)
- USS Compactat (NCC-2103)
- USS Corporation (NCC-2104)
- USS Konkordium (NCC-2106)
- USS Star System (NCC-2107)
- USS Affiliation (NCC-2108)
- USS Concordat (NCC-2109)
- USS Directorate (NCC-2110)
- USS Organization (NCC-2111)
- USS Star Union (NCC-2112)
- USS Alliance (NCC-2113)
- USS Confederation (NCC-2114)
- USS Dominion (NCC-2115)
- USS Star Empire (NCC-2116)
- USS Trusteeship (NCC-2117)
- USS Association (NCC-2118)
- USS Consortium (NCC-2119)
- USS Entente (NCC-2120)
- Admiral Fitzpatrick kept a model of a Federation-class dreadnought in his office at Starfleet Headquarters in 2273. (TOS comic: "The Haunting of Thallus!")