The Federation Government, established by the Articles of the Federation, is a federal republic that governs over the numerous Federation Member States. Most of the Federation government is housed in the seat of government, the Palais de la Concorde in the Federation capital of Paris on Earth, though of course numerous subbranches can be found throughout the nation.
The Federation government is divided into three branches, though it lacks a strict separation of powers that characterizes many other governments:
- The Council of the United Federation of Planets
- The President of the United Federation of Planets
- The Supreme Court of the United Federation of Planets
- (The Federation Supreme Court was established in "Dr. Bashir, I Presume?," an episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The novel Articles of the Federation portrays the Judiciary Council, a Federation Council committee, as being the "highest legal authority" in the Federation that seems to perform the same function that a Supreme Court does. No explanation for the discontinuity has yet been given.)