Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1642), commonly known as Galileo, was a male Human scientist in the 16th and 17th centuries. He played a major role in Europe's Scientific Revolution, and was widely considered a father of the sciences for centuries to follow.
When T'Lera was accused of ill-intent after admitting the Vulcans had been observing Earth since 1943, she countered that Galileo and other had been observing the stars for far longer. (TOS novel: Strangers from the Sky)
Numerous starships and other space vessels christened Galileo were named in his honor.