The Gobi Desert is a vast desert region in Eastern Asia on Earth.
A young Khan Noonien Singh tunneled out of an Augment facility in December 1979 and escaped into the desert, but he was caught by Doctor Heisen. (TOS - Khan comic: "Issue 1")
In the year 2376, archaeologist Benjamin Kogleman lived and worked in a remote area of the Gobi Desert. Captain David Gold visited him at his campsite to present him with his late mother's Starfleet Citation for Conspicuous Gallantry Medal. (SCE eBook: Breakdowns)