Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was a Human from the United States of America on Earth. Melville was best known as the author of the novel, Moby Dick.
Khan Noonien Singh quoted from Moby Dick quite frequently during his pursuit of Admiral James T. Kirk. (TOS movie: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan)
In the year 2287, Doctor Leonard McCoy mistook a work of John Masefield for one of Melville's. (TOS movie, novelization & comic adaptation: The Final Frontier)
When Captain Jean-Luc Picard refused to order the USS Enterprise-E abandoned and destroyed to stop the Borg from altering human history, Lily Sloane alluded to Moby Dick, comparing Picard's need for vengeance against the Borg with Ahab's obsession with the white whale. Sloane later admitted she had never actually read the novel. (TNG movie: Star Trek: First Contact)