Senators are elevated to their positions through wealth and nobility, and often assume broad-ranging duties over areas of state import, depending on the amount of political clout they command. The Senate is presided over by the Praetor of the Romulan Star Empire; the highest position within the Senate itself is that of Proconsul. The highest echelons of the Senate also compose the Continuing Committee, which is charged with confirming new praetorships and with trying those Senators accused of treason, amongst other duties. The Imperial Senate meets in the Hall of State in the Romulan capital city of Ki Baratan.
On Stardate 1/0909.09, the Imperial Senate of the Romulan Star Empire broadcasted its ratification of the Treaty of Peace on all subspace frequencies. After being picked up by Starfleet by a starship on the border, the treaty's terms came to immediate effect and ended the hostilities of the Earth-Romulan War. (FASA RPG module: The Federation)
- FASA material states that the war was between the UFP and the Romulans which contradicts canon, its more likely the message was directed at the Coalition of Planets or the United Earth or possibly the Earth Alliance thus ending the hostilities.
The Tal Shiar secretly worked with the Cardassian Obsidian Order to deploy a fleet in the Gamma Quadrant in order to wipe out the Dominion's Founders. As this was accomplished, the Tal Shiar sent a message to the Senate explaining their actions. The Senate would later release a statement that explained that they possessed no knowledge of the Tal Shiar's plans and claimed that they were exploring options to stop them. (DS9 episode: "The Die is Cast")
In 2374, the Senate was evenly split between those who favored entering the Dominion War on the side of the United Federation of Planets and Klingon Empire and those who favored continued neutrality. The neutrality faction was led by Senator Vreenak; the Senate voted to join the Federation/Klingon alliance when Vreenak was found dead carrying evidence of a planned Dominion invasion of Romulus. (DS9 episode: "In the Pale Moonlight"; ST - Tales of the Dominion War short story: "Blood Sacrifice")
Following the Dominion War the Senate moved to allow the Federation starship USS Defiant to keep the borrowed Romulan cloaking device it utilised. Recognising the importance of the vessel, and it's base Deep Space 9, as the first line of defence against further Dominion attacks. (DS9 novel: Avatar)
Later by 2387, the majority of the Senate along with the Praetor were killed during the events of the Hobus Crisis leaving the entire Star Empire in disarray. A year after the crisis, the leadership council on Rator III declared itself as the new Imperial Senate and nominated itself as the new capital of the Romulan Star Empire but this claim was challenged by the leaders of Achernar Prime and Abraxas V who made similar claims. (ST website: The Path to 2409)
|Interstellar states||Detapa Council (Cardassian Union) • Economic Congress of Advisors (Ferengi Alliance) • Federation Council • Grand Moot (Vissia Prime) • Klingon High Council • Imperial Senate (Romulan Star Empire) • Organian Council of Elders|
|Federation members||Parliament Andoria • Chamber of Ministers (Bajor) • Quorum of Bole (Bolarus) • United Earth Parliament • Zamestaad (Mestiko) • Triexian Curia (Triex) • Trill Senate • Vulcan Council|