A goldsmith and inventor, Gutenberg was credited with the invention of movable type in Europe. This enabled the mass production of books, including the human bible. In the following centuries the bibles, known as Gutenberg Bibles became highly sought after due to their rarity, and because they were among the first such books produced in human history.
In 2269, the USS Enterprise visited the planet Holberg 917G, and met the immortal Flint. Flint had a Gutenberg Bible in his collection, and the crew of the Enterprise learned that Flint had lived on Earth for the past several thousand years. Gutenberg was in fact one of the aliases that Flint had assumed during his long life. (TOS episode: "Requiem for Methuselah")