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Kobayashi Maru scenario

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For other uses, see Kobayashi.

The Kobayashi Maru scenario is a test given to command track line officer Starfleet cadets. This test is generally not given to science officers. It is a test of character to see what a potential captain would do in a no-win scenario.

In the original scenario, the cadet patrols the Klingon Neutral Zone in a simulated starship, based on a dramatized experience of the USS Horizon. The ship receives a distress call from a neutronic fuel carrier, the ECS Kobayashi Maru (commanded by Kojiro Vance), from inside the Neutral Zone. If the cadet attempts to aid the Maru, three Klingon cruisers attack. The computer ensures that it is impossible for the cadet to save both the Maru passengers and their own ship. (TOS movie: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan; TOS novel: The Kobayashi Maru; TOS short story: "Just Another Little Training Cruise"; WizKids module: Attack Wing)

Cadets are forbidden to ever tell others how they win, if they win. In fact, the entire Kobayashi Maru program is meant to be unknown to those who have never taken it, so that they cannot pre-plan tactics. Leonard McCoy and Spock were two officers who had never taken the test. (TOS novel: The Kobayashi Maru)

Basis for the testEdit

The Kobayashi Maru scenario is based on an actual event in Starfleet history, in which a freighter called the Kobayashi Maru was lost along the Klingon border in the 22nd century. (ENT novel: Kobayashi Maru)

HistoryEdit

23rd centuryEdit

One cadet took the test twice in 2234, the first and only one to do so until 2254. Circa 2239, a cadet lasted 11.5 minutes in the simulation. (TOS novel: The Kobayashi Maru)

James T. Kirk became the first cadet to beat the scenario in 2254 by re-programming the computer. (TOS movie: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan) On his first attempt "commanding" the USS Potemkin, he lasted five minutes, but "died" after four minutes and 37.03 seconds. The results were the same in his second attempt, but his reaction time in both was well above average. After these defeats, Kirk took to studying statements by Korrd meant for both winners and losers (in battle). (TOS novel: The Kobayashi Maru)

Before his third attempt, Kirk reprogrammed the scenario, eliminating the parts of the program that made it impossible to win, thus creating a level playing field where success was not guaranteed, but at least possible. He then told the simulation's Klingon, Kozor, that he was "Captain Kirk". When they heard this, the attacking fleet instantly assisted Kirk in locating Kobayashi Maru. Kirk then tricked the Klingon ships into warping away, giving him time to evacuate the Maru. The whole thing took eighteen minutes and twenty-seven seconds. Admirals Jublik and Zheng gave Kirk a commendation for original thinking, as well as ninety-nine demerits, just short of the expulsion limit. (TOS novel: The Kobayashi Maru, TOS comic: "Star-Crossed", TOS short story: "A Test of Character")

Years later, cadet David Forester, inspired by Kirk's example, took the test and passed it, reutilizing Kirk's method of reprogramming the machine. (TOS video game: Starfleet Academy)

Another cadet who has beaten the simulation is Peter Kirk. He did this by challenging the other captain to a ritual duel to the death, such that all existing hostilities must be halted for the duration. Peter told his crew to rescue the Kobayashi Maru's crew and warp away while he was in combat. (TOS novel: Sarek)

24th centuryEdit

The alliance between the Federation and the Klingon Empire led to the change, in the 24th century, of enemy in the Kobayashi Maru from Klingon to Romulans. (DS9 short story: "Best Tools Available")

Cadets that have beaten the simulation in the 24th century include Quintin Stone and Nog. (TNG novels: A Rock and a Hard Place, DS9, Best Tools Available, The Bottom Line)

Mackenzie Calhoun, upon taking the test, destroyed the freighter, backing up his decision by suggesting that more than likely the crew was dead, and it was just a trap. He also reasoned that the crew would prefer this to capture and torture from their adversaries. (NF novel: Stone and Anvil)

When Cadet William T. Riker took the test, he impressed his instructor by ordering an EVA suit be brought to him, so he could fight the enemy by hand. (TNG short story: "'Til Death")

By the 2370s, cadets taking the test were asked to advance beyond Kirk's "original thinking" in their efforts to save the ship. (TOS novel: Avenger)

Sinjin Kirk recorded one of the highest scores for the test in the Academy's history. (TNG video game: Away Team)

Alternate realityEdit

In the alternate reality created by Nero in 2233, by 2258 Commander Spock was in charge of programming the scenario for cadets. In that year James T. Kirk of that reality took the test. Like in the original reality, he took the test twice and failed before taking the test a third time. On his third attempt, Kirk won the simulation by reprogramming the simulator and making it possible to destroy the attacking ships with one torpedo each. Disturbed by this, Spock investigated and brought his findings to academy leadership, which called a hearing into Kirk's actions. (TOS movie: Star Trek)

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