As one might guess, New Siberia was a cold, arctic planet; however, it had a slightly larger population than its neighbour with most major cities being located around the equator. A few smaller cities and towns could be found closer to the poles. Mining operations for minerals and radioactive materials could be found, but only on a small scale. Water, in the form of ice, was another export of New Siberia to New Sahara.
Although not stated, the name of the planet implies that it was settled by Humans, or mostly Human colonists from Earth.