- For other uses, see Rome.
Rome was the capital city of the nation-state of Italy, located on Earth's European continent. Rome was located at the confluence of the Tiber and Aniene rivers, near the western coast of Italy. The Federation starships USS Rome were named for this city.
The city has played a major role in shaping Earth history. Rome was the capital of the Roman Republic, and would later become the capital of the Roman Empire - the largest and most powerful empire in classical western civilization. (TOS episode: "By Any Other Name"; TNG novel: The Captains' Honor)
When a landing party from the USS Enterprise encountered the Guardian of Forever on the planet Gateway in 2267, the Guardian displayed images from Ancient Rome. (TOS - Crucible novel: The Fire and the Rose)
Khan Noonien Singh described a possible end to the Eugenics Wars where Earth would unite and make great accomplishments, as when Julius Caesar rose to power and brought Rome to great heights of civilization. (TOS episode: "Space Seed")