The colony was discovered by the Enterprise (NX-01) in 2153 when the ship was seeking to locate the Xindi who had recently attacked Earth. Humans had since become the dominant species of the colony after rebellion led by a man named Cooper Smith. Upon its discovery by the Enterprise, the colony had a population of about 1,000 Skagarans and 6,000 Humans who resided in several settlements or towns all within a day or two's journey of each other. As its inhabitants had been isolated from Earth for centuries, the technology of the colony was still rooted in the 19th century. Moreover, settlements were reminiscent of the old west in the the United States.