- You may also be looking for stellar cartography, the astronomical science.
The stellar cartography department was an area aboard a Federation starship which was dedicated to the science and the practice of charting space.
As late as the 23rd century, Starfleet ships still used actual telescopes to chart space. (TOS short story: "Make-Believe")
In the 24th century, most Federation starship classes came equipped with stellar cartography laboratories, including Galaxy-class, Sovereign-class, Intrepid-class and Luna-class vessels. (TNG episode: "Lessons"; VOY episodes: "Time and Again" & "Year of Hell"; TTN novel: Taking Wing)
The stellar cartography laboratory aboard the USS Titan contained a holotank which allowed a person to gain a 360° panoramic view of an area using holographic technology. (TTN novel: Taking Wing)