The USS Tamberlaine was a Federation Starfleet starship, a survey vessel in the 24th century. Its captain was a Human male.

The vessel was primarily crewed by Humans which made the standard environment of the Tamberlaine rather cool and dry for the Andorian Ensign Thirishar ch'Thane when he served on the vessel prior to being assigned to Deep Space 9. (DS9 - Mission Gamma novel: Twilight)

During ch'Thane's time on the ship, the vessel's primary mission was to collect data on the Vorta. (DS9 - Avatar novel: Book One)